is the smallest
dog and is named for
Chihuahua region in
Comment "I love chihuhuas I have one but you can easily step on them"
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Chihuahuas were originally thought to be descendants of an ancient, similar,
but slightly larger breed associated with royalty in
civilizations known as the Techichi. However, due to the lack of archaeological
remains it is now believed that Chihuahuas were brought to
Spanish settlers. The most current theory holds that Spanish merchants brought
Chihuahuas to Spain by way of their trade routes with
China and from
there to Mexico. The well documented practice in China of dwarfing both plants
and animals is the basis for the theory that Chihuahuas originated there.
another theory is that they originated in Egypt and were traded into Spain and
Chihuahuas were first taken into the United States by American visitors to
Chihuahuas are best known for their small size and large erect ears.
The AKC (American
Kennel Club) recognizes two varieties of Chihuahua: the long-coat and the
smooth-coat. Many smooth-coat Chihuahuas have very thin hair, but other smooth
coats have a very dense, thick coat.
Breed standards for this dog do not generally specify a height, only a weight
and a description of their overall proportions. As a result, height varies more
than within many other breeds. Generally, the height ranges between six and ten
inches at the
withers. However, some dogs grow as tall as twelve to fifteen inches. AKC
must weigh no more than six lb (2.7 kg); the FCI standard calls for dogs ideally
between 1.5 and three kg (3.3 to 6.6 lb), although smaller ones are acceptable
in the show ring. However,
Chihuahuas (that is, those bred or purchased as companions rather than show
dogs) can, and do, range above these weights, to ten pounds or even more if they
have large bone structures or are allowed to become overweight. This does not
mean they are not purebred Chihuahuas, it only means that they do not meet the
requirements to enter a
conformation show. Oversize Chihuahuas are seen in some of the best and
Chihuahuas come in many colors, from solid blacks to solid whites, spotted,
or a variety of other colors like fawn (tan), chocolate, blue (gray), silver,
tricolored (chocolate, blue, or black with tan and white markings),
merle. And each of these colors vary in shades and tones, as fawn can be a
term to describe a tan dog from a very pale cream to a deep (almost red) tan, or
any shade in between, and the chocolate coloration can range from a milky light
shade of brown, to a deep mahogony brown, to a dark brown that is almost black.
"Our two little girls Yuki and Abby. Stars in
Australia" sent in by Andrew
Chihuahuas are prized for their devotion and personality. Their alertness,
intelligence and size make them easily adaptable to a variety of environments,
including the city and small apartments, and they often live fifteen years or
more. While Chihuahuas are often thought of as high-strung and fragile, correct
training and socialization can result in an outstanding companion animal.
Chihuahuas are not well-suited as small children's pets because of their size
and physical fragility. However, many Chihuahuas focus their devotion on one
person, becoming overly jealous of that person's human relationships. However,
this can be mitigated by thorough
socialization. Chihuahuas also tend to have a "clannish" nature, often
preferring the companionship of other Chihuahuas over other dogs. On the other
hand, Chihuahuas seem to have no concept of their own size, and may fearlessly
confront larger animals, which can result in injury.
Many Chihuahuas are sensitive to the cold due to their small body size.
Chihuahua owners often dress their dogs in sweaters or coats in cold weather.
This breed requires expert veterinary attention in areas such as birthing and
dental care. Chihuahuas are also prone to some genetic anomalies, often
neurological ones, such as
Chihuahuas, and other toy breeds, are also prone to the sometimes painful
condition known as
Another genetic abnormality in Chihuahuas and toy breeds is
hydrocephalus, or water on the brain. This condition surfaces in young
puppies and often results in the death of a puppy by the time that it reaches
six months of age. It is thought that this disease is often diagnosed by the pup
having an abnormally large head during the first several months of life, but
other symptoms are more noticeable (since "a large head" is such a broad
description). Chihuahua puppies exhibiting hydrocephalus usually have patchy
skull platelets rather than a solid bone, and typically are lethargic and do not
grow at the same pace as their siblings. A true case of Hydrocephalus can be
diagnosed by a veterinarian, though the prognosis is grim.
Chihuahuas are also known for their
moleras, a soft
spot in their skulls. Chihuahuas are the only breed of dog to be born with an
incomplete skull. The molera does fill in with age, but great care needs to be
taken during the first six months until the skull is fully formed. Many
veterinarians are not familiar with Chihuahuas as a breed, and mistakenly
confuse a molera with hydrocephalus. The Chihuahua Club of America has issued a
statement regarding this often deadly misdiagnosis
Chihuahuas are also prone to eye infections due to their large, round,
protruding eyes and their relatively low ground clearance.
Chihuahuas exhibiting the
Merle coloration , or out of merle parents, are prone to myriad additional
health complications. The Merle coat pattern is a carrier of possible severe eye
conditions and blindness, deafness, hemophilia, sterility, and numerous other
health concerns. Buyers owning or wishing to purchase a merle Chihuahua should
do extensive research on the possible health concerns of this coloration.
Chihuahua, XI International Dog Show in Kraków
Chihuahuas are sometimes picky eaters, and care must be taken to provide them
with adequate nutrition. At the same time, care must be exercised not to
overfeed this tiny breed. Overweight Chihuahuas are prone to joint injuries,
tracheal collapse, chronic bronchitis, and shortened life span.
"Teacup" and "Deer-faced" Chihuahuas
Along with "mini," "pocket" and "tiny toy", "teacup" is sometimes used to
describe Chihuahuas and other dogs that are very small. These and similar terms
are not officially used by any kennel club or reputable breeder, and are not
breeds or specific types of Chihuahua. In particular, all Chihuahuas are toy
dogs; there is no such thing as a "toy Chihuahua."
Some potential buyers seek extremely small animals; very small dogs, however,
are often runts. They may be unhealthy, or undernourished, or, if otherwise
healthy, may suffer shortened life spans and health problems due to extreme
dwarfing. They are not normally suitable for breeding, and may require special
care. Some breeders of Chihuahuas purposely attempt to breed very small animals,
and increase the prices of the smallest dogs, or specifically advertise tiny
animals. Most reputable breeders disapprove of such practices, pointing out that
it is difficult to predict the adult size of a given puppy, and citing the other
issues discussed above.
"Deer" or "deer-faced" are terms that are sometimes used to describe
Chihuahuas that do not have the breed-standard apple-domed appearance. These
terms are also unofficial.
Hilton's pet, and author of "Tinkerbell Hilton Diaries"
- Bruiser, Elle Woods' pet in the
Legally Blonde movies
- Gidget, the
Taco Bell mascot
- Ren Höek, of
and Stimpy fame
- Wheely Willy, a motivational "speaker"
- Tito from
Oliver & Company
- Taquito, the
University of Puerto Rico's School of Medicine volleyball mascot
The Spooky Chihuahua from
Cugat's chihuahua immortalized in the children's book Pepito the Little
Dancing Dog: The Story of Xavier Cugat's Chihuahua.
- Godzilla, a South Texas chihuahua that has won many awards in regional dog
shows, and is now famous in its statewide commercials.
Millan's The actor, dog behaviorist of The dog whisper by National
- Pancho, the "heart-broken" dog of the Fullers in the movie
Big Momma's House 2.
- Ernesto "Moto" Picasso, often seen around town chihuahua of famous NYC
socialite Jennifer Bernstein and well known set designer Tom Lenz
- Lou, a chihuahua featured on the television show
- Clay, the current longhaired Chihuahua ambassador.
Celebrities who own Chihuahuas
John Gebhardt (Scab)
- Paris Hilton (Tinkerbell
- Adrien Brody (Ceelo)
Britney Spears (Bit-Bit)
- Vince Carter
- Cesar Millan (Coco)
Niccollo Paolo E. Sarmiento(Roxy) (Philippines)
Heart Evangelista (Philippines)
JP Sarmiento (Doobie The Dog) (Philippines)
- Hilary Duff
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I love chihuhuas I have one but you can easily
step on them
i might have a chihuahua in a little while. soooo excittedddddd
soooooooooosooo cute smally little fella
I adore Chihuahuas because they are so small and I just want
to squeeze them
chihuahuas they are too cute.....i jus love them
i love my dog and you people are good at scaring people
I LOVE Chihuahuas! They are so cute and tiny.
I like yOur dOg ms. Heart Evamgelista aNd I lOvE it. hmmmMmmm.
i love this dog it is so cute and i love them yeah!!